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Property:Locale

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Term

Details

A Locale, also called C Locale or POSIX Locale is a set of variables in the Linux-Environment for Internationalisation
of Shell-Commands and other Software.

Most of these variables represent a Locale Category, thus named LC_<category>, with LC_ALL superceding all categories,
and LANG being the fallback for each undefined category. This means a minimum Locale is defining just the LANG variable.

The value of each variable can be a standard (C or POSIX), a Language (optionally with Country or Region), both optionally
extended with a Charset.

These values can only refer Locale Definition and Locale Charmap (Charset) files which have been installed before.

Examples

The locale command lists the currently configured Locale - example from Debian 7 Server:

me@debian:~$ locale

LANG=en_US.UTF-8
LANGUAGE=
LC_CTYPE="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_NUMERIC="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_TIME="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_COLLATE="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_MONETARY="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_MESSAGES="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_PAPER="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_NAME="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_ADDRESS="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_TELEPHONE="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_MEASUREMENT="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_IDENTIFICATION="en_US.UTF-8"
LC_ALL=

The locale command can list the currently installed Locales - example from Debian 7 Server:

me@debian:~$ locale -a

C
C.UTF-8
en_US.utf8
POSIX

The locale command can list the currently installed Charsets (charmaps) - example from Debian 7 Server:

me@debian:~$ locale -m

ANSI_X3.110-1983
ANSI_X3.4-1968
ARMSCII-8
ASMO_449
BIG5
BIG5-HKSCS
BRF
BS_4730
BS_VIEWDATA
CP10007
CP1125
CP1250
CP1251
CP1252
CP1253
CP1254
CP1255
CP1256
CP1257
CP1258
CP737
CP775
CP949
CSA_Z243.4-1985-1
CSA_Z243.4-1985-2
CSA_Z243.4-1985-GR
CSN_369103
CWI
DEC-MCS
DIN_66003
DS_2089
EBCDIC-AT-DE
EBCDIC-AT-DE-A
EBCDIC-CA-FR
EBCDIC-DK-NO
EBCDIC-DK-NO-A
EBCDIC-ES
EBCDIC-ES-A
EBCDIC-ES-S
EBCDIC-FI-SE
EBCDIC-FI-SE-A
EBCDIC-FR
EBCDIC-IS-FRISS
EBCDIC-IT
EBCDIC-PT
EBCDIC-UK
EBCDIC-US
ECMA-CYRILLIC
ES
ES2
EUC-JISX0213
EUC-JP
EUC-JP-MS
EUC-KR
EUC-TW
GB18030
GB2312
GBK
GB_1988-80
GEORGIAN-ACADEMY
GEORGIAN-PS
GOST_19768-74
GREEK-CCITT
GREEK7
GREEK7-OLD
HP-GREEK8
HP-ROMAN8
HP-ROMAN9
HP-THAI8
HP-TURKISH8
IBM037
IBM038
IBM1004
IBM1026
IBM1047
IBM1124
IBM1129
IBM1132
IBM1133
IBM1160
IBM1161
IBM1162
IBM1163
IBM1164
IBM256
IBM273
IBM274
IBM275
IBM277
IBM278
IBM280
IBM281
IBM284
IBM285
IBM290
IBM297
IBM420
IBM423
IBM424
IBM437
IBM500
IBM850
IBM851
IBM852
IBM855
IBM856
IBM857
IBM860
IBM861
IBM862
IBM863
IBM864
IBM865
IBM866
IBM866NAV
IBM868
IBM869
IBM870
IBM871
IBM874
IBM875
IBM880
IBM891
IBM903
IBM904
IBM905
IBM918
IBM922
IEC_P27-1
INIS
INIS-8
INIS-CYRILLIC
INVARIANT
ISIRI-3342
ISO-8859-1
ISO-8859-10
ISO-8859-11
ISO-8859-13
ISO-8859-14
ISO-8859-15
ISO-8859-16
ISO-8859-2
ISO-8859-3
ISO-8859-4
ISO-8859-5
ISO-8859-6
ISO-8859-7
ISO-8859-8
ISO-8859-9
ISO-8859-9E
ISO-IR-197
ISO-IR-209
ISO-IR-90
ISO_10367-BOX
ISO_10646
ISO_11548-1
ISO_2033-1983
ISO_5427
ISO_5427-EXT
ISO_5428
ISO_646.BASIC
ISO_646.IRV
ISO_6937
ISO_6937-2-25
ISO_6937-2-ADD
ISO_8859-1,GL
ISO_8859-SUPP
IT
JIS_C6220-1969-JP
JIS_C6220-1969-RO
JIS_C6229-1984-A
JIS_C6229-1984-B
JIS_C6229-1984-B-ADD
JIS_C6229-1984-HAND
JIS_C6229-1984-HAND-ADD
JIS_C6229-1984-KANA
JIS_X0201
JOHAB
JUS_I.B1.002
JUS_I.B1.003-MAC
JUS_I.B1.003-SERB
KOI-8
KOI8-R
KOI8-RU
KOI8-T
KOI8-U
KSC5636
LATIN-GREEK
LATIN-GREEK-1
MAC-CENTRALEUROPE
MAC-CYRILLIC
MAC-IS
MAC-SAMI
MAC-UK
MACINTOSH
MAC_CENTRALEUROPE
MIK
MSZ_7795.3
NATS-DANO
NATS-DANO-ADD
NATS-SEFI
NATS-SEFI-ADD
NC_NC00-10
NEXTSTEP
NF_Z_62-010
NF_Z_62-010_(1973)
NF_Z_62-010_1973
NS_4551-1
NS_4551-2
PT
PT154
PT2
RK1048
SAMI
SAMI-WS2
SEN_850200_B
SEN_850200_C
SHIFT_JIS
SHIFT_JISX0213
T.101-G2
T.61-7BIT
T.61-8BIT
TCVN5712-1
TIS-620
TSCII
UTF-8
VIDEOTEX-SUPPL
VISCII
WIN-SAMI-2
WINDOWS-31J

FRITZ!OS

FRITZ!OS has its own Country and Language variables which are honoured by all AVM-Commands which create user output.

The Shell never was an official user interface. It was a debugging tool for experts, like supportdata, thus all debugging output
never was localized.

However, all libc variants used (uClibc, glibc, musl) and all Shells used (busybox, bash) honour some of the Locale variables.
But there's no Locale installed!

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